History of UHMI traces back to the 15th of May 1855 when the first Meteorological Observatory in Kiev has been opened. It was the beginning of systematic meteorological observations, their analysis and generalization (later – Kiev magnetic meteorological observatory, 1925, Kiev research geophysical observatory, 1944). Ukrainian Hydrometeorological Institute has gained its independent status in 1953.
The main tasks of UHMI are the following: development of the geophysical science by carrying out fundamental and applied research in the field of hydrometeorology and basic monitoring of natural environment, provision of scientific and methodical support to hydrometeorological and other operative services of the Ministry of Emergency Situations in Ukraine, co-ordination of scientific research in the field of hydrometeorology in Ukraine.
UHMI is the main Ukrainian scientific research organisation in the field of hydrometeorology and basic monitoring of natural environment.